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How to develop your first Ajax Application : step-by-step in JSP and Servlets ?.

A simple Web Application which demonstrate how to develop your first Ajax Application : step-by-step in JSP and Servlets.

1. Create a Simple GetTime.java Servlet -
package com.hubberspot.ajax;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.Date;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

@WebServlet("/GetTime")
public class GetTime extends HttpServlet {
 protected void doGet(
   HttpServletRequest request, 
   HttpServletResponse response) 
     throws ServletException, IOException {
  // A Simple GetTime Servlet which computes 
  // Todays date and send it as response to
  // getTime.jsp
  PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
  Date date = new Date();
  out.println(date);
 }
}



2. Create a simple getTime.jsp


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<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"
 pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" 
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
<title>Today's Date !!!</title>
<script type="text/javascript">
 // A Simple JavaScript code

 // 1. Create a variable as xmlHttpRequest
 var xmlHttpRequest;

 // 2. Check whether the page is loaded from 
 // which browser. Here Mozilla Firefox and 
 // Internet Explorer has a different way of
 // initializing Asynchronous Xml Objects
 // Mozilla Firefox uses : new XMLHTTPRequest()
 // Internet Explorer uses : new ActiveXObject("MICROSOFT:XMLHTTP")
 if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
  xmlHttpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest();
 } else if (window.ActiveXObject) {
  xmlHttpRequest = new ActiveXObject("MICROSOFT.XMLHTTP");
 }

 // 3. A simple JavaScript method which gets fired when user 
 // clicks GetTime button in the form
 function timeClick() {
  if (xmlHttpRequest == null) {
   alert("Initialization failure");
   return;
  }
  // 4. As soon as state is changed of page when user clicks
  // GetTime button, a method called as handleresponse is fired
  xmlHttpRequest.onreadystatechange = handleresponse;
  // 5. The open method fires Get method of GetTime Servlet which computes 
  // Current date and time and return it back in the form of xml data
  xmlHttpRequest.open("Get", "GetTime", true);
  // 6. We are passing is as null because we are not performing any 
  // operation for the request sent
  xmlHttpRequest.send(null);
 }

 function handleresponse() {
  // xmlHttpRequest.readyState == 4 signifies that data transfer is 
  // completed and XMLHttpRequest or ActiveXObject has loaded
  // xmlHttpRequest.status == 200 signifies status as OK and informs 
  // that request has been processed
  if (xmlHttpRequest.readyState == 4 && xmlHttpRequest.status == 200) {
   // final response from XMLHttpReqest is placed on the textArea
   document.frmTime.txtTime.value = xmlHttpRequest.responseText;
  }
 }
</script>
</head>
<body>
 <!-- In the html form timeClick() JavaScript method is called as soon as user 
clicks on the GetTime button and without page refresh the data is 
loaded from the server. -->
 <form name="frmTime">
  Time : <input type="text" size="45" name="txtTime" /> <input
   type="button" value="GetTime" onclick="timeClick()" />
 </form>
</body>
</html>

Output when running getTime.jsp -



As soon as user clicks on GetTime button, Current Date is printed on the textArea without page getting refreshed ... 
 


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